The advantage in Windows 10, 8.1, ... exFat is that it existed before Windows 10 and can therefore be read from Windows XP with SP2.
The advantage of exFAT compared to NTFS is
that you can ignore or forget all the security lines that can make life difficult under NTFS and do not have to do without the file sizes above the 4 gigabyte limit .
The disadvantage in exFAT to NTFS is
that Windows-10, 8.1, ... or Server-2019, 2016, ... cannot be installed on it and that if several operating systems are installed on the same computer, e.g. the old one Server 2000 cannot access the data. Or with Linux and other operating systems than Windows, support is currently not available or very limited.
Use ExFAT "Yes" or "No"?
If you have problems with NTFS with the security guidelines and you need files larger than 4 gigabytes and you only need to access them from Windows, then you can use exFat .
PS: The security in NTFS can drive you crazy!
Convert exFAT to Fat32!
However, exFAT can also be subsequently formatted with FAT32 for larger drives in order to make it readable for all operating systems, which can prove to be advantageous when using SD cards , as these are used on different devices and they cannot do anything with NTFS and exFAT or not even recognize the medium / SD card as such!
FAQ 13: Updated on: 19 November 2020 10:24